국보 제192호황남대총 북분 금제 허리띠 (皇南大塚 北墳 金製 銙帶)
|분 류||유물 / 생활공예 / 금속공예 / 장신구|
|소 재 지||서울특별시 용산구 서빙고로 137 (용산동6가, 국립중앙박물관)|
경주시 황남동 미추왕릉 지구에 있는 삼국시대 신라 무덤인 황남대총의 북쪽 무덤에서 발견된 금 허리띠(과대)와 띠드리개(요패)이다. 황남대총은 남·북으로 2개의 봉분이 표주박 모양으로 붙어있다.
과대는 직물로 된 띠의 표면에 사각형의 금속판을 붙인 허리띠로서 길이 120㎝, 띠드리개 길이 22.5∼77.5㎝이다. 28장의 판(板)으로 만들어진 이 허리띠는 주위에 있는 작은 구멍들로 미루어 가죽같은 것에 꿰매었던 것으로 짐작된다. 허리띠 아래에 매달려 있는 13개의 띠드리개는 경첩으로 허리띠와 연결하였다.
이 허리띠와 띠드리개는 완벽한 상태로 출토되어 신라 당시의, 착용법과 띠드리개의 배치순서를 아는 데 중요한 자료가 되고 있다.
A belt made of cloth is called gwadae. Attached to the belt are rectangular forms made of metal. This Korean gwadae influenced by China is decorated with valuable objects such as jadeite and commodities such as a small knife, a case for drugs, a whetstone, a flint and tweezers. According to lessons of formality called Yegi from China, when descendants performed the ancestral rites, on the left side of the belt there should be a towel, a grindstone, a small cup and an iron flint. On the right side are a set of bone instruments called gyeol (worn on the thumb and used in archery), an instrument called gwan which is used to suspend strings on a bow (in archery) and a large cup. The color, number and material of it represented the wearer's government posts in the Baekje and Silla Dynasty. Exhumed from the North Tomb of Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, a golden belt is 120cm in length and yopae which is worn with the gwadae, is 22.5-73.5cm in length. This belt consists of 28 links. There are small holes around the edge of the leather belt. The 13 yopae hangs from the base of the belt connected by a hinge. The yopae are considered valuable for research for they determine how the belt was worn and used. Hwangnamdaechong is located at the ancient tomb park of the Michuwangneung Royal Tomb District (Silla Dynasty). Its serial number is 98, and was one of Silla's tombs before the Unified Silla Era. It was named to Hwangnamdaechong (Hwangnam great tomb) since it has been excavated two times, once in 1973 and again in 1975. East to west, the tomb is 80m in diameter and 120m in diameter from south to north. The height of its southern entrance is 23m and its northern entrance is 22m in height. The overall formation is in the form of a gourd dipper as shown by the connection of the two round shapes going north and south. This is the largest tomb made during the Silla Dynasty which features clay on the outside and stone.